Lung Diseases

Lung Diseases Surgery of Chest


Bronchiectasis is a disease in which there is permanent enlargement of the airways of the lung. Causes can be both acquired and congenital (since birth). Common symptoms are cough with excessive sputum, blood in cough, foul smelling breath, frequent chest infections and breathlessness. Surgical removal of the diseased lung is advised in patients not responding to medical treatment. At Max Hospital, Saket we do these surgeries by key hole techniques.


An aspergilloma, is also known as a mycetoma or fungus ball, occurs in patients with pre-existing cavitatory lung diseases such as tuberculosis. It may be asymptomatic, cause cough, blood in cough or life threatening bleeding. Medical treatment is usually not effective. Surgical removal of diseased lung in symptomatic patients may provide cure. At Max we do these surgeries by key hole techniques.

Hydatid cyst in lung

Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation by a tapeworm of the genus Echinococcus. It can also occur in lungs along with other parts of the body. Common symptoms are chest pain, cough, breathlessness and blood in cough. Treatment of choice is surgical removal of the disease.

Lung bullae and blebs

Bullae on the membrane that covers the lung, are also called blebs. Lung bulla is a thin air sack filled with air and are very fragile to burst. These can burst and the entire lung may collapse resulting from pneumothorax. Patients may sometimes experience difficulty breathing, chronic coughing, chest pain, and other symptoms related to a lack of oxygen in the blood. Surgery is usually needed in patients with: large bullae causing breathlessness, increasing size of bulla, recurrent pneumothorax, infected bullae not responding to medical treatment, acute respiratory failure, and acute distension of the bulla. We offer key-hole surgery to these patients with excellent outcomes.

Emphysema (Lung Volume Reduction Surgery)

Emphysema is a disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath due to over-inflation of the alveoli (air sacs in the lung). Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) is a surgical procedure to remove diseased, emphysematous lung tissue. This procedure reduces the size of an over-inflated lung and allows the expansion (growth) of the remaining, often more functional lung. LVRS improves exercise capacity, lung function and quality of life. We offer key-hole surgery to these patients with excellent outcomes.

Lung Nodules

Lung nodule usually shows up on a chest X-ray or a CT scan that has been carried out on a person who has symptoms of a respiratory illness. Nodules can occur in lungs due to various causes ranging from infection to cancer. We at Max Hospital have specialized team of doctors who evaluate and treat patients having lung nodules. Surgery if required is done by key hole method.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in India and globally. People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer, though lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked. The most common symptoms are coughing (including coughing up blood), weight loss, shortness of breath, and chest pain. At Max we have a dedicated team for lung cancer treatment including a thoracic surgeon, pulmonologist, medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, pathologist, physical therapist, dietitian who together provide comprehensive personalized care to the patient. We also have state of art infrastructure and equipment required for disease evaluation and treatment. Our surgeons offer lung-conserving surgery to remove the cancer and preserve remaining lung tissue whenever possible. We also prefer minimally invasive techniques to do these surgeries.

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